ASTM A335 Pipe Specifications, Seamless Ferritic Alloy Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service

is a ASTM standard specifies Seamless Ferritic Alloy Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service.  pipe ordered to this specification shall be suitable for bending and similar forming operations, and for fusion welding. Selection will depend upon design, service conditions, mechanical properties, and high-temperature characteristics.

ASTM A335 pipe

ASTM A335 P22 seamless pipes.For pipe whose diameter exceeds NPS 25 and whose diameter to wall thickness ratio is 7.0 or less shall be subjected to the bend test instead of the flattening test.

This specification covers seamless ferritic alloy-steel pipe for high-temperature service. The pipe shall be suitable for bending, flanging, and similar forming operations, and for fusion welding. The steel material shall conform to chemical composition, tensile property, and hardness requirements. Each length of pipe shall be subjected to the hydrostatic test. Also, each pipe shall be examined by a non-destructive examination method in accordance to the required practices. The range of pipe sizes that may be examined by each method shall be subjected to the limitations in the scope of the respective practices. The different mechanical test requirements for pipes, namely, transverse or longitudinal tension test, flattening test, and hardness or bend test are presented.

Mainly Grade of ASTM A335:

ASTM A335 P11P22P5P9P91P92

Chemical Composition (%) for the main grade

Grade
C
Mn
P, S, max
Si
Cr
Mo
0.05-0.15
0.30-0.60
0.025
0.50-1.00
1.00-1.50
0.44-0.65
0.05-0.15
0.30-0.60
0.025
0.50 max
1.90-2.60
0.87-1.13
0.15 max
0.30-0.60
0.025
0.50 max
4.00-6.00
0.45-0.65
0.15 max
0.30-0.60
0.025
0.25-1.00
8.00-10.00
0.90-1.10
0.08-0.12
0.30-0.60
0.020/0.010
0.20-0.50
8.00-9.50
0.85-1.05
V 0.18-0.25
N 0.03-0.07
Ni 0.40 max
Al 0.02 max
Nb 0.06-0.10
Ti 0.01 max
P92
0.07-0.13
0.30-0.60
0.020/0.010
0.50 max
8.50-9.50
0.30-0.60
V 0.15-0.25
N 0.03-0.07
Ni 0.40 max
Al 0.02 max
Nb 0.04-0.09
W 1.50-2.00
B 0.001-0.006
Ti 0.01 max
Zr 0.01 max

Mechanical Properties

Grade P11, P22, P5, P9
Grade P91
Grade P92
Tensile strength, min, (MPa)
415
585
620
Yield strength, min, (MPa)
205
415
440
Elongation, min, (%), L/T
30/20
20/…
20/…
Heat Treatment
A / N+T
N+T / Q+T
N+T

Material & Manufacture

Pipe may be either hot finished or cold drawn with the finishing heat treatment noted below.

Heat Treatment Requirements

P5, P9, P11, and P22
Grade Heat Treatment Type Normalizing Temperature Range F [C] Subcritical Annealing or Tempering
Temperature Range F [C]
P5 (b,c) Full or Isothermal Anneal
Normalize and Temper ***** 1250 [675]
Subcritical Anneal (P5c only) ***** 1325 – 1375 [715 - 745]
P9 Full or Isothermal Anneal
Normalize and Temper ***** 1250 [675]
P11 Full or Isothermal Anneal
Normalize and Temper ***** 1200 [650]
P22 Full or Isothermal Anneal
Normalize and Temper ***** 1250 [675]
P91 Normalize and Temper 1900-1975 [1040 - 1080] 1350-1470 [730 - 800]
Quench and Temper 1900-1975 [1040 - 1080] 1350-1470 [730 - 800]

Chemical Requirements

Grade P-5 P-9 P-11 P-22 P-91 P-91 shall also include the following:
Element UNS Designation K41545 S50400 K11597 K21590 K91560
C
o
m
p
o
s
i
t
i
o
n
%
Carbon 0.15 max 0.15 max 0.05 – 0.15 0.05 – 0.15 0.08 – 0.12 V at 0.18 – 0.25
Manganese 0.30 – 0.60 0.30 – 0.60 0.30 – 0.60 0.30 – 0.60 0.30 – 0.60 N at 0.030 – 0.070
Phosphorous, max 0.025 0.025 0.025 0.025 0.020 Ni at 0.40 max
Sulfur, max 0.025 0.025 0.025 0.025 0.010 Al at 0.02 max
Silicon 0.50 max 0.25 – 1.00 0.50 – 1.00 0.50 max 0.20 -0.50 Cb at 0.06 – 0.10
Chromium 4.00 – 6.00 8.00 – 10.00 1.00 – 1.50 1.90 – 2.60 8.00 – 9.50 Ti at 0.01 max
Molybdenum 0.45 -0.65 0.90 – 1.10 0.44 – 0.65 0.87 – 1.13 0.85 – 1.05 Zr at 0.01 max

Tensile Requirements

Seamless  Note
 Grade P-5 P-9 P-11 P-22 P-91 P91 shall not have a hardness not exceeding 250 HB/265 HV [25HRC].
Tensile Strength, min., psi
ksi 60 60 60 60 85
MPa 415 415 415 415 585
Yield Strength, min., psi
ksi 30 30 30 30 60
MPa 205 205 205 205 415

Elongation Requirements

Calculated Minimum Elongation Values
Elongation in 2 in. or 50 mm, min %
Wall Thickness P5, P9, P11, P22 P91
in. mm Longitudinal Transverse Longitudinal
5/16 (0.312) 8 30 20 20
9/32 (0.281) 7.2 28 19 19
1/4 (0.250) 6.4 27 18 18
7/32 (0.219) 5.6 26 17
3/16 (0.188) 4.8 24 16
5/32 (0.156) 4 22 15
7/8 (0.125) 3.2 21 14
3/32 (0.094) 2.4 20 13
1/18 (0.062) 1.6 18 12

Permissible Variations in Outside Diameter
Outside Diameter at any point shall not vary from standard specified more than:

NPS [DN] Designator Over Under
in. mm in. mm
1/8 to 1 1/2 [6 to 40], incl. 1/64 (0.015) 0.40 1/64 (0.015) 0.40
Over 1 1/2 to 4 [40 to 100], incl. 1/32 (0.031) 0.79 1/32 (0.031) 0.79
Over 4 to 8 [100 to 200], incl. 1/16 (0.062) 1.59 1/32 (0.031) 0.79
Over 8 to 12 [200 to 300], incl. 3/32 (0.093) 2.38 1/32 (0.031) 0.79
Over 12 [300] +/- 1% of the specified outside diameter

Mechanical Tests Specified

Transverse or Longitudinal Tension Test and Flattening Test, Hardness Test, or Bend Test
For material heat treated in a batch-type furnace, tests shall be made on 5% of the pipe from each treated lot. For small lots, at least one pipe shall be tested.
For material heat treated by the continuous process, tests shall be made on a sufficient number of pipe to constitute 5% of the lot, but in no case less than 2 pipe.

Notes for Hardness Test:
P91 shall not have a hardness not exceeding 250 HB/265 HV [25HRC].

Notes for Bend Test:
For pipe whose diameter exceeds NPS 25 and whose diameter to wall thickness ratio is 7.0 or less shall be subjected to the bend test instead of the flattening test.
Other pipe whose diameter equals or exceeds NPS 10 may be given the bend test in place of the flattening test subject to the approval of the purchaser.
The bend test specimens shall be bent at room temperature through 180 without cracking on the outside of the bent portion.

Hydrostatic Test

The inside diameter of the bend shall be 1 inch [25 mm].
Each length of pipe shall be Hydro tested, at option of manufacture nondestructive electric testing can be used.

Ordering Information

Orders for material under this specification should include the following, as required, to describe the desired material adequately:

Quantity Feet, meters, or number of lengths
Name of material Seamless Alloy Steel Pipe
Grade P5, P9, P11, P22, P91
Manufacture Hot-finished or cold-drawn
Size using one of the following:
NPS and Schedule Number
Outside Diameter and Nominal Wall Thickness
Outside Diameter and Minimum Wall Thickness
Inside Diameter and Nominal Wall Thickness
Inside Diameter and Minimum Wall Thickness
Length Specific or Random
End Finish

Referenced Documents

  • A999/A999M Specification for General Requirements for Alloy and Stainless Steel Pipe
  • E213 Practice for Ultrasonic Examination of Metal Pipe and Tubing
  • E309 Practice for Eddy-Current Examination of Steel Tubular Products Using Magnetic Saturation
  • E381 Method of Macroetch Testing Steel Bars, Billets, Blooms, and Forgings
  • E527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys in the Unified Numbering System (UNS)
  • E570 Practice for Flux Leakage Examination of Ferromagnetic Steel Tubular Products
  • B36.10M Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe
  • SAE J 1086 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys (UNS)
  • SNT-TC-1A Recommended Practice for Nondestructive Personnel Qualification and Certification
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