ASTM A648 Standard Specification

ASTM A648 – 12 Standard Specification for Steel Wire, Hard-Drawn for Prestressed Concrete Pipe

ASTM A648 Standard covers two classes of uncoated, high-strength, hard-drawn steel wires for use in the manufacture of prestressed concrete pipe. The steel shall be made by the open-hearth, basic-oxygen, or electric-furnace process, and shall be free of injurious piping and undue segregation. The wire shall be cold drawn to produce the desired mechanical properties and there shall be no welds or joints in the finished wire. Cast or heat analysis of the steel shall conform to the chemical requirements specified for carbon, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, silicon, and nitrogen. The tension and relaxation tests shall conform to the specified tensile requirements including tensile strength and breaking strength. Torsion test shall also be performed where test specimens shall be inspected for primary break shear area and longitudinal (spiral) splitting following completion of the test.

This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.


1.1 This specification covers two classes of uncoated, high-strength, hard-drawn steel wire for use in the manufacture of prestressed concrete pipe. In application, the wire is helically wrapped on the pipe maintaining tension by mechanical means not including drawing dies.

1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.3 A supplementary requirement (S1) is provided for use where hydrogen embrittlement (HE) resistance testing is required by the purchaser. Supplementary requirement (S1), which establishes acceptance criteria for HE resistance testing, applies only when specified in the purchase order or contract.

1.4 The following caveat pertains only to the test method portions of this specification, 6.3.3 and 6.5.3: This specification does not purport to address the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this specification to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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