Ferritic grades have been developed to provide a group of stainless steel to resist corrosion and oxidation, while being highly resistant to stress corrosion cracking. These steels are magnetic but cannot be hardened or strengthened by heat treatment. They can be cold worked and softened by annealing. As a group, they are more corrosive resistant than the martensitic grades, but generally inferior to the austenitic grades. Like martensitic grades, these are straight chromium steels with no nickel. They are used for decorative trim, sinks, and automotive applications, particularly exhaust systems.
|The basic ferritic grade, with a little less corrosion resistance than Type 304. This type combines high resistance to such corrosives as nitric acid, sulfur gases, and many organic and food acids.|
|Type 405||Has lower chromium and added aluminum to prevent hardening when cooled from high temperatures. Typical applications include heat exchangers.|
|Type 409||Contains the lowest chromium content of all stainless steels and is also the least expensive. Originally designed for muffler stock and also used for exterior parts in non-critical corrosive environments.|
|Type 434||Has molybdenum added for improved corrosion resistance. Typical applications include automotive trim and fasteners.|
|Type 436||Type 436 has columbium added for corrosion and heat resistance. Typical applications include deep-drawn parts.|
|Type 442||Has increased chromium to improve scaling resistance. Typical applications include furnace and heater parts.|
|Type 446||Contains even more chromium added to further improve corrosion and scaling resistance at high temperatures. Especially good for oxidation resistance in sulfuric atmos|