ASME 16.9 covers overall dimensions, tolerances, ratings, testing, and markings for factory-made wrought butt-welding fittings in sizes NPS 1⁄2 through NPS 48 (DN 15 through DN 1200).

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ASME/ANSI B16.9 Pipe End Caps

ASME B16.9 also covers pipe fittings made to special dimensions, sizes, shapes, and tolerances by agreement between the manufacturer and the purchaser. Fabricated laterals, saddles, and other fittings employing circumferential or intersection welds are considered pipe fabrication other than ASME B16.9 fittings. However, fabricated lap joint stub ends are exempt from the above restrictions, provided they meet all the requirements of the applicable ASTM material specification.

The term “wrought” denotes fittings made of seamless or welded pipes, tubing, plates, or forgings. Metals-Piping supplies ASME B16.9 butt-welding pipe fittings in a comprehensive range of materials covering carbon steel, alloy steel, stainless steel and non-ferrous metals. These fittings include long radius elbows, reducing elbows, long radius returns, short radius elbows, short radius 180° returns, 3D elbows, straight tees, straight crosses, reducing tees, reducing crosses, lap joint stub ends, caps, concentric reducers, and eccentric reducers. All fittings supplied shall be free of imperfections such as dents, scratches, sharp intersections(corners), pits, and creases, etc.

ASME B16.9 Standard covers overall dimensions, tolerances,ratings, testing, and markings for factory-made wrought buttwelding fittings in sizes NPS 1⁄2 through NPS 48 (DN 15 through DN 1200).

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ASME / ANSI B16.9 dimension

Nominal Outside Diameter 90° Elbows 45° Elbows 180° Returns
Pipe Size
Long Radius Short Radius Long Radius Long Radius
(inches) (mm) (inches) Center to Face Center to Face Center to Face Radius Center to Center Back to face
(inches) (inches) (inches) (inches) (inches) (inches)
1/2 21.3 0.84 1.5 5/8 2 1.875
3/4 26.7 1.05 1.125 7/16 2.25 1.6875
1 33.4 1.315 1.5 1 7/8 3 2.1875
1.25 42.2 1.66 1.875 1.25 1 3.75 2.75
1.5 48.3 1.9 2.25 1.5 1.125 3 4.5 3.25
2 60.3 2.375 3 2 1.375 4 6 4.1875
2.5 73 2.875 3.75 2.5 1.75 5 7.5 5.1875
3 88.9 3.5 4.5 3 2 6 9 6.25
3.5 101.6 4 5.25 3.5 2.25 7 10.5 7.25
4 114.3 4.5 6 4 2.5 8 12 8.25
5 141.3 5.563 7.5 5 3.125 10 15 10.3125
6 168.3 6.625 9 6 3.75 12 18 12.3125
8 219.1 8.625 12 8 5 12 24 16.3125
10 273.1 10.75 15 10 6.25 15 30 20.375
12 323.9 12.75 18 12 7.5 18 36 24.375

Tolerances of Welded Fittings

Size Off Angle Q Off Plane P
½ to 4 0.03 0.06
5 to 8 0.06 0.12
10 to 12 0.09 0.19
14 to 16 0.09 0.25
18 to 24 0.12 0.38
26 to 30 0.19 0.38
32 to 42 0.19 0.5
44 to 48 0.18 0.75

All dimensions are given in inches. Tolerances are equal plus and minus except as noted.

  1. Out-of-round is the sum of absolute values of plus and minus tolerance.
  2. This tolerance may not apply in localized areas of formed fittings where increased wall thickness is required to meet design requirements of ASME B16.9.
  3. The inside diameter and the nominal wall thicknesses at ends are to be specified by the purchaser.
  4. Unless otherwise specified by the purchaser, these tolerances apply to the nominal inside diameter, which equals the difference between the nominal outside diameter and twice the nominal wall thickness.

The ASME B16.9 pipe fittings can be used under the jurisdiction of the ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC) as well as the ASME Code for pressure piping. Referencing pressure ratings of flanges per ASME B16.5, they can be designated as Classes 150, 300, 600, 900, 1500 and 2500. The allowable pressure ratings for ASME B16.9 pipe fittings may be calculated as for straight seamless pipe of equivalent material in accordance with the rules established in the applicable sections of ASME B31 Code for pressure piping.

Design of Fittings

The design of butt welding pipe fittings made to ASME B16.9 shall be established by one of the following methods: (a) mathematical analyses contained in pressure vessel or piping codes; (b) proof testing; (c) experimental stress analysis with hydrostatic testing to validate experimental results; (d) detailed stress analysis with results evaluation.

Standard Marking

Generally, ASME B16.9 pipe fittings shall be marked to show the following details: “trademark + material grade + wall thickness + size + heat number”. For example, “M ASTM A234 WP5 SCH80 6″ 385“. When steel stamps are used, care shall be taken so that
the marking is not deep enough or sharp enough to cause cracks or to reduce the wall thickness of the fitting below the minimum allowed.

Material & Manufacture

The ASME B16.9 fittings may be made from an extensive range of mateirals covering (1) carbon and low-alloy steels in accordance with ASTM A234 and ASTM A420; (2) austenitic and duplex stainless steels in accordance with ASTM A403 and ASTM A815; (3) nickel alloys in accordance with ASTM B366; (4) aluminum alloys in accordance with ASTM B361; and (5) titanium alloys in accordance with ASTM B363.

Pipe Fittings Dimensions Tolerance as per ASME B16.9:

Sizes 1/2″ – 48″

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