ASTM A106 Standard Specification for Seamless Carbon Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service.

ASTM A106 Gr.B Pipes

Is A106 pipe seamless?

ASTM Specification A106 covers seamless carbon steel nominal wall pipe for high-temperature service, suitable for bending, flanging and similar forming operations. NPS 1-1/2 and under may be either hot finished or cold drawn. NPS 2 and larger shall be hot finished unless otherwise specified.

ASTM A106/A 106M Standard Covers Seamless Carbon Steel Pipe for high-temperature service in NPS 1/8 TO NPS 48 (DN6 to DN1200) inclusive, with nominal (average) wall thickness as given in ASME B 36.10M. It shall be permissible to furnish pipe having other dimensions provided such pipe complies with all other requirements of this specification. Pipe ordered under this specification shall be suitable for bending, flanging, and similar forming operations, and for welding. When the steel is to be welded, it is presupposed that a welding procedure suitable to the grade of steel and intended use or service will be utilized.

ASTM A106/A 106M covers both seamless hot-finished and cold-finished pipe in sizes up to and including NPS 1/8 TO NPS 48(DN6 to DN1200) outside diameter for round tubes with wall thicknesses as required.

Permissible Variations in Wall Thickness

The minimum wall thickness at any point shall not be more than 12.5% under the nominal wall thickness specified.

Flattening Tests

Although testing is not required, pipe shall be capable of meeting the flattening test requirements of supplementary requirement S3, if tested.

What is ASTM A106

A106 pipe is American standard material, including A, B, C three grades, the ingredients of A106 A is carbon and silicon, the tensile strength grade is 330 MPa. The ingredients of A106 B is carbon、manganese and silicon, the tensile strength grade is 415 MPa. The ingredients of A106 C is carbon, manganese and silicon components, the tensile strength grade is 485 MPa.

ASTM A106 seamless pressure pipes (also known as ASME SA106 pipes) are commonly used in the construction of oil and gas refineries, power plants, petrochemical plants, boilers and ships. These pipes must carry fluids that exhibit higher temperature and pressure levels And gas.


Q: What is the difference between pipe design material A106 and SA106?
A: There is no difference between pipe design material A106 and SA106,
Because the 2013 edition of the ASME II material chapter has pointed out that SA106 is consistent with ASTM A106,In addition, SA106 is a grade of American ASME,And A106 is the grade of ASTM.

Q: What does the mark CD in the steel pipe SA106Gr.B standard mean?
A: CD means cold drawn,SA106 stipulates that pipes below DN40 can be hot-rolled or cold-drawn; pipes above DN50 are conventionally hot-rolled. When the manufacturer and the purchaser reach an agreement, cold-drawn manufacturing is allowed.

Q: What is the difference between ASME SA-106 and ASME SA-106M?
A: The difference between ASME SA-106 and ASME SA-106M is that if the size standard is imperial, use ASME SA-106, if the size standard is metric, use ASME SA-106M.

Features Specifications

OD(mm) Wall Thickness Unit(mm)
  2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 6 6.5-7 7.5-8 8.5-9 9.5-10 11 12


Chemical composition (%) of ASTM A106

Grade C≤ Mn P≤ S≤ Si≥ Cr≤ Cu≤ Mo≤ Ni≤ V≤
ASTM A106 Grade A 0.25 0.27-0.93 0.035 0.035 0.10 0.40 0.40 0.15 0.40 0.08
ASTM A106 Grade B 0.30 0.29-1.06 0.035 0.035 0.10 0.40 0.40 0.15 0.40 0.08
ASTM A106 Grade C 0.35 0.29-1.06 0.035 0.035 0.10 0.40 0.40 0.15 0.40 0.08

ASTM A 106 Grade B shall conform to a carbon equivalent (CE) of 0.50 maximum as determined by the following formula:
CE = %C + %Mn/6 + (%Cr + %Mo + %V)/5 + (%Ni + %Cu)/15 . A lower Carbon equivalent ration maximum may be agreed upon between the purchaser and the producer. S5.3 The Carbon equivalent ration shall be reported on the MILL test report.

Mechanical Properties of ASTM A106

Grade Rm Mpa Tensile Strength Yield Point (Mpa) Elongation Delivery Condition
ASTM A106 Grade A ≥330 ≥205 20 Annealed
ASTM A106 Grade B ≥415 ≥240 20 Annealed
ASTM A106 Grade C ≥485 ≥275 20 Annealed

Equivalent Designation

DIN 17175 Grade St 45.8 EN P235GH Grade 10216-2 NFA A 49-215 Grade TU 42-c ASTM A106 Grade B ASME SA 106 Grade B

The chemical composition of the material does not correspond to Chinese materials, and the mechanical properties are similar to Chinese (GB/T699) 20# steel. ASTM is a set of American steel pipe standards. ASTM steel pipe A106 A corresponds to the Chinese standard is GB8163 and the material is 10# steel. A106 B corresponds to the Chinese standard. The GB8163 material is 20#, and A106 Gr.B does not correspond to Chinese materials.

【H】 Ceramic lined pipe

Ceramic lined pipe is made through self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) technique.

【H】 Cast basalt lined steel pipe

Cast basalt lined steel pipe is composed by lined with cast basalt pipe, outside steel pipe and cement mortar filling between the two layers.

【H】 Ceramic Tile Lined Pipes

Ceramic tile lined pipes have very uniform coating of specially formulated ceramic material that is affixed to the inner of the pipe.

【H】 Rare earth alloy wear-resistant pipe

The material of the rare earth alloy wear-resistant pipe is ZG40CrMnMoNiSiRe, which is also the grade of rare earth alloy steel.

【H】 Tubes Erosion Shields

Tubes Erosion Shields are used to protect boiler tubing from the highly erosive effects of high temperatures and pressures thereby greatly extending tube life.

【H】 ASTM A213 T91 Alloy Tube

The ASTM A213 T91 seamless tubes are primarily used for boiler, superheater, and heat-exchanger.