ASTM A209/A209M

ASTM A209/A209M Standard Specification for Seamless Carbon-Molybdenum Alloy-Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes.

SA209 tubes

ASTM A209/A209M specification covers seamless carbon-molybdenum alloy-steel boiler and superheater tubes. As a steel making practice, the steel material shall be killed. The required chemical composition for steel is given. The mechanical property requirements include tensile requirements and hardness requirements. Different test procedure shall be performed on the material presented, one tension test shall be made on a specimen for lots of not more than 50 tubes, one flattening test shall be made on specimens from each end of one finished tube, one flaring test shall be made on specimens from each end of one finished tube, and Brinell or Rockwell hardness tests shall be made from two tubes from each lot.

What is a 209 material specification?

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1.1 This specification2 covers several grades of minimum-wall-thickness, seamless, carbon-molybdenum alloy-steel, boiler and superheater tubes.

1.2 This specification covers tubes 1/2 to 5 in. [12.7 to 127 mm] inclusive, in outside diameter and 0.035 to 0.500 in. [0.9 to 12.7 mm], inclusive, in minimum wall thickness.

1.3 An optional supplementary requirement is provided and, when desired, shall be so stated in the order.

1.4 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the “M” designation of this specification is specified in the order.

1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Chemical Components (%) of ASTM A209

Grade C Si Mn P S Mo Cr
ASTM A209 Gr T1 0.10-0.20 0.10-0.50 0.30-0.80 ≤0.025 ≤0.025 0.44-0.65 /
ASTM A209 Gr T1a 0.15-0.25 0.10-0.50 0.30-0.80 ≤0.025 ≤0.025 0.44-0.65 /
ASTM A209 Gr T1b 0.14max 0.10-0.50 0.30-0.80 ≤0.025 ≤0.025 0.44-0.65 /

All Mechanical Properties Tensile Requirements and Hardness of ASTM A209

Grade Tensile Yield Elongation Hardness
Strength (Mpa) Strength (Mpa) (%) (HRB)
ASTM A209 Gr T1 ≥380 ≥205 ≥30 ≤80
ASTM A209 Gr T1a ≥365 ≥195 ≥30 ≤81
ASTM A209 Gr T1b ≥415 ≥220 ≥30 ≤77

Materials and Manufacture:


【H】 Ceramic lined pipe

Ceramic lined pipe is made through self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) technique.

【H】 Cast basalt lined steel pipe

Cast basalt lined steel pipe is composed by lined with cast basalt pipe, outside steel pipe and cement mortar filling between the two layers.

【H】 Ceramic Tile Lined Pipes

Ceramic tile lined pipes have very uniform coating of specially formulated ceramic material that is affixed to the inner of the pipe.

【H】 Rare earth alloy wear-resistant pipe

The material of the rare earth alloy wear-resistant pipe is ZG40CrMnMoNiSiRe, which is also the grade of rare earth alloy steel.

【H】 Tubes Erosion Shields

Tubes Erosion Shields are used to protect boiler tubing from the highly erosive effects of high temperatures and pressures thereby greatly extending tube life.

【H】 ASTM A213 T91 Alloy Tube

The ASTM A213 T91 seamless tubes are primarily used for boiler, superheater, and heat-exchanger.