ASTM A53/A53M

ASTM A53/A53M Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, Black and Hot-Dipped, Zinc-Coated, Welded and Seamless.

ASTM A53 Steel Pipe

This specification covers seamless and welded black and hot-dipped galvanized steel pipe in NPS 1/8 to NPS 26. The steel categorized in this standard must be open-hearth, basic-oxygen or electric-furnace processed and must have the following chemical requirements: carbon, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, copper, nickel, chromium, molybdenum, and vanadium. The tubing shall undergo a seamless or welding process. Tension, bend, and flattening tests shall be performed to make sure that it must adhere to the mechanical properties of the standard. The hydrostatic test shall be applied, without leakage through the weld seam or the pipe body. Nondestructive electric test shall be made to make sure that the full volume of the pipe must be in accordance with the standard. The purchaser shall have the right to perform any of the inspections and tests set forth in this specification where deemed necessary to ensure that the pipe conforms to the specified requirements.

ASTM A53/ API 5L steel pipes

Scope

1.1 This specification2 covers seamless and welded black and hot-dipped galvanized steel pipe in NPS 1/8 to NPS 26 [DN 6 to DN 650] (Note 1), inclusive, with nominal wall thickness (Note 2) as given in Table X2.2 and Table X2.3. It shall be permissible to furnish pipe having other dimensions provided that such pipe complies with all other requirements of this specification. Supplementary requirements of an optional nature are provided and shall apply only when specified by the purchaser.

NOTE 1: The dimensionless designators NPS (nominal pipe size) [DN (diameter nominal)] have been substituted in this specification for such traditional terms as “nominal diameter,” “size,” and “nominal size.”

NOTE 2: The term nominal wall thickness has been assigned for the purpose of convenient designation, existing in name only, and is used to distinguish it from the actual wall thickness, which may vary over or under the nominal wall thickness.

1.2 This specification covers the following types and grades:

1.2.1 Type F—Furnace-butt-welded, continuous welded Grades A and B,

1.2.2 Type E—Electric-resistance-welded, Grades A and B, and

1.2.3 Type S—Seamless, Grades A and B.

NOTE 3: See Appendix X1 for definitions of types of pipe.

1.3 Pipe ordered under this specification is intended for mechanical and pressure applications and is also acceptable for ordinary uses in steam, water, gas, and air lines. It is suitable for welding, and suitable for forming operations involving coiling, bending, and flanging, subject to the following qualifications:

1.3.1 Type F is not intended for flanging.

1.3.2 When pipe is required for close coiling or cold bending, Grade A is the preferred grade; however, this is not intended to prohibit the cold bending of Grade B pipe.

1.3.3 Type E is furnished either nonexpanded or cold expanded at the option of the manufacturer.

1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

1.5 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Sections 7, 8, 9, 13, 14, and 15 of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.

1.6 The text of this specification contains notes or footnotes, or both, that provide explanatory material. Such notes and footnotes, excluding those in tables and figures, do not contain any mandatory requirements.

1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Chemical Components (%) of ASTM A53

Element Type S Type E Type F
(seamless) (electric-resistance welded) (furnace-welded pipe)
Grade A Grade B Grade A Grade B Grade A
Carbon max. % 0.25 0.3 0.25 0.3 0.3
Manganese % 0.95 1.2 0.95 1.2 1.2
Phosphorous, max. % 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
Sulfur, max. % 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045
Copper, max.% 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Nickel, max. % 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Chromium, max. % 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Molybdenum, max. % 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15
Vanadium, max. % 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08

Mechanical properties of ASTM A53

ASTM A53 is suitable for a variety of forming processes, including coiling, bending, and flanging; continuous weld pipe (Type F) is not suitable for flanging. Please note the use/application of the pipe you require on your RFQ and/or when ordering.

Grade Rm Mpa Tensile Strength Mpa Yield Point Elongation Delivery Condition
A ≥330 ≥205 20 Annealed
B ≥415 ≥240 20 Annealed

Galvanized A53 Pipe

If ordered galvanized, A53 seamless pipe must be coated inside and out via the hot-dip process. Zinc used for galvanized coatings must conform to Specification B6. The weight of this coating must not be less than 1.8 oz./ft2 (0.55 kg/m2). Test specimens for coating weight testing will be cut in approximately 4” lengths.

ASTM A53 Grade B Pipe

ASTM A53 Grade B Pipe is one such carbon steel pipe grade that comes under this standard. The ASTM A53 Grade B ERW Pipe size ranges between ½ inches to 36 inches and the wall thickness ranges between 3mm to 12mm. A53 Gr B material can is used to weld these pipes that are available in the plain end, beveled, and threaded end.

【H】 Ceramic lined pipe

Ceramic lined pipe is made through self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) technique.

【H】 Cast basalt lined steel pipe

Cast basalt lined steel pipe is composed by lined with cast basalt pipe, outside steel pipe and cement mortar filling between the two layers.

【H】 Ceramic Tile Lined Pipes

Ceramic tile lined pipes have very uniform coating of specially formulated ceramic material that is affixed to the inner of the pipe.

【H】 Rare earth alloy wear-resistant pipe

The material of the rare earth alloy wear-resistant pipe is ZG40CrMnMoNiSiRe, which is also the grade of rare earth alloy steel.

【H】 Tubes Erosion Shields

Tubes Erosion Shields are used to protect boiler tubing from the highly erosive effects of high temperatures and pressures thereby greatly extending tube life.

【H】 ASTM A213 T91 Alloy Tube

The ASTM A213 T91 seamless tubes are primarily used for boiler, superheater, and heat-exchanger.

Ni-Hard Wearback Pipes Ni-Hard Wearback Pipes