ASTM A334/A334M Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Carbon and Alloy-Steel Tubes for Low-Temperature Service.Download PDF
ASTM A334 specification covers standard specification for several grades of minimum-wall-thickness, seamless and welded, carbon and alloy-steel tubes intended for use at low temperatures. The steel shall conform to the required chemical composition for carbon, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, silicon, nickel, chromium, copper, cobalt, and molybdenum. The number of tubes in a heat-treatment lot shall be determined from the size of the tubes. The tubes shall have a hardness number that does not exceed the prescribed Rockwell and Brinell hardness values. Several grades of steel shall conform to the following tensile properties: tensile strength, yield strength, and elongation. For Grades 1, 3, 6, 7, and 9, the notch-bar impact properties of each set of three impact specimens, including specimens for the welded joint in welded pipe, shall not be less than the prescribed values. Several mechanical tests shall be conducted, namely: flattening test; flare test (seamless tubes); flange test (welded tubes); reverse flattening test; hardness test; and impact tests. Hydrostatic or nondestructive electric test shall also be performed. Materials shall be tested for impact resistance at the prescribed temperature for the respective grades. Impact temperature reduction values shall be by any amount equal to the difference between the temperature reduction corresponding to the actual material thickness and the temperature reduction corresponding to Charpy specimen width actually tested.
1.1 This specification2 covers several grades of minimum-wall-thickness, seamless and welded, carbon and alloy-steel tubes intended for use at low temperatures. Some product sizes may not be available under this specification because heavier wall thicknesses have an adverse affect on low-temperature impact properties.
1.2 Supplementary Requirement S1 of an optional nature is provided. This shall apply only when specified by the purchaser.
NOTE 1: For tubing smaller than 1/2 in. [12.7 mm] in outside diameter, the elongation values given for strip specimens in Table 1 shall apply. Mechanical property requirements do not apply to tubing smaller than 1/8 in. [3.2 mm] in outside diameter and with a wall thickness under 0.015 in. [0.4 mm].
1.3 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the “M” designation of this specification is specified in the order.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
ASTM A333 Grade 6 pipe is equivalent to several international standards including EN/DIN 10216-2, BS 3059 Part 2, and ASME SA-106.
|Standard||Grade||Chemical Components (%)|
|ASTM A334/ ASME SA334||GR.6||≤0.30||≥0.10||0.29-1.06||≤0.025||≤0.025||/|
|Tensile||Yield||Elongation||The Low degree of Temperature test|
|Strength (Mpa)||Strength (Mpa)||(%)|
|ASTM A334/ ASME SA334||Gr.6||≥415||≥240||≥30||-45°|
|ASTM A334 Grade 6||B90||190|
|Size of Specimen, mm||Minimum Average Notched Bar Impact Value of. Each Set of Three Specimens||Minimum Notched Bar Impact Value of One Specimen Only of a Set|
|10 by 10||13||18||10||14|
|10 by 7.5||10||14||8||11|
|10 by 6.67||9||12||7||9|
|10 by 5||7||9||5||7|
|10 by 3.33||5||7||3||4|
|10 by 2.5||4||5||3||4|
|Specimen Width Along Notch or Accrual Material Thickness||Temperature Reduction, Degrees Colder|
|0.295||7.5(3/4 std. size)||5||3|
|0.262||6.67(2/3 std. sze)||10||5|
|0.197||5(1/2 std. size)||20||11|
|0.131||3.33(1/3 std. size)||35||19|
|0.099||2.5(1/4 std. size)||50||28|
l Flattening Test One flattening test shall be made on specimens from each end of one finished tube of each lot.
l Flare Test (Seamless Tubes) One flare test shall be made on specimens from each end of one finished tube of each lot.
l Flange Test (Welded Tubes) One flange test shall be made on specimens from each end of one finished tube of each lot.
l Reverse Flattening Test For welded tubes, one re- verse flattening test shall be made on a specimen from each 1500 ft [460 m] of finished tubing.
l Hardness Test Brinell or Rockwell hardness tests shall be made on specimens from two tubes from each lot (Note 3).
l Impact Tests One notched-bar impact test, consisting of breaking three specimens, shall be made from each heat represented in a heat-treatment load on specimens taken from the finished tube.
ASTM A334 / ASME SA334 GR.6 tubes Hydrostatic or NDT test
Each A334 GR.6 tube shall be subjected to the nondestructive electric test or the hydrostatic test. The type of test to be used shall be at the option of the manufacturer, unless otherwise specified in the purchase order.
All A334 GR.6 seamless and welded tubes, other than Grades 8 and 11, shall be treated to control their microstructure in Accor- dance with one of the following methods:
ASTM ASME A/SA334 GR.6 Seamless Tubes Orders for material under this specification should include the following, as required, to describe the material adequately:
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Alloy steels are made by combining carbon steel with one or several alloying elements, such as manganese, silicon, nickel, titanium, copper, chromium and aluminum. These metals are added to produce specific properties that are not found in regular carbon steel. The elements are added in varying proportions (or combinations) making the material take on different aspects such as increased hardness, increased corrosion resistance, increased strength, improved formability (ductility); the weldability can also change.
Commonly used alloying elements and their effects are listed in the table given below.
|Alloying Elements||Effect on the Properties|
|Chromium||Increases Resistance to corrosion and oxidation. Increases hardenability and wear resistance. Increases high temperature strength.|
|Nickel||Increases hardenability. Improves toughness. Increases impact strength at low temperatures.|
|Molybdenum||Increases hardenability, high temperature hardness, and wear resistance. Enhances the effects of other alloying elements. Eliminate temper brittleness in steels. Increases high temperature strength.|
|Manganese||Increases hardenability. Combines with sulfur to reduce its adverse effects.|
|Vanadium||Increases hardenability, high temperature hardness, and wear resistance. Improves fatigue resistance.|
|Titanium||Strongest carbide former. Added to stainless steel to prevent precipitation of chromium carbide.|
|Silicon||Removes oxygen in steel making. Improves toughness. Increases hardness ability|
|Boron||Increases hardenability. Produces fine grain size.|
|Aluminum||Forms nitride in nitriding steels. Produces fine grain size in casting. Removes oxygen in steel melting.|
|Cobalt||Increases heat and wear resistance.|
|Tungsten||Increases hardness at elevated temperatures. Refines grain size.|