Bi-Metal Lined Steel Pipe

The bi-metal lined pipe combines the strength, corrosion resistance and wear resistance of the base pipe and the outer pipe.

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Bi-Metal Lined Steel Pipe

Bi-Metal Lined Steel Pipe is a type of pipe that combines the strength, corrosion resistance, and wear resistance of two different materials. The base pipe is typically made of carbon or low-alloy steel, while the outer pipe is made of a corrosion-resistant alloy. This combination of materials allows for the economic use of expensive corrosion-resistant alloy materials while still providing the necessary strength and durability.

Bi-Metal Lined Steel Pipe offers several advantages

  1. Corrosion Resistance : The corrosion-resistant alloy forms a complete barrier layer on the internal surface of the pipe, providing excellent protection against corrosion. This is especially important in industries such as oil and gas transportation and refining, where the pipes come into contact with corrosive substances.
  2. Wear Resistance : The high-chromium bimetallic lining provides superior wear resistance compared to ordinary steel pipes. This makes bi-metal lined pipes suitable for applications where abrasion and wear are a concern.
  3. Cost Savings : By using a corrosion-resistant alloy only on the internal surface of the pipe, the cost of expensive materials is reduced. The base pipe, typically made of carbon or low-alloy steel, provides the necessary strength and durability at a lower cost.
  4. Versatility : Bi-Metal Lined Steel Pipe can be used in various industries and applications, including oil and gas transportation, refining, and other fields where corrosion and wear resistance are required.

Applications of Bi-Metal Lined Steel Pipe

Bi-Metal Lined Steel Pipe is commonly used in the following applications:

  1. Oil and Gas Transportation : Bi-metal lined pipes are widely used in the petroleum industry for the transportation of oil and gas. The corrosion resistance and wear resistance of these pipes make them suitable for the harsh conditions encountered in oil and gas pipelines.
  2. Refining Industry : In the refining industry, where corrosive substances are present, bi-metal lined pipes are used to ensure the integrity and longevity of the pipelines. These pipes provide excellent resistance to corrosion and wear, making them ideal for handling corrosive fluids.
  3. Other Industries : Bi-Metal Lined Steel Pipe has also found applications in other industries where corrosion and wear resistance are required. These include chemical processing, power generation, mining, and wastewater treatment, among others.

Chrome-Moly

  • Chromium-Molybdenum Alloy Steel or Chrome-Moly, CrMo is an alloy steel intended for high temperature and high pressure services.
  • Chrome-Moly is used in the power generation industry and the petro-chemical industry because of its tensile strength, corrosion resistance and high-temperature strength.
  • Chrome-Moly has a better strength to Weight ratio than steel, which enables designers to use thinner wall pipe or smaller diameter tubing to reduce overall weight.
  • Chromium-Molybdenum Alloy Steel has strong resistance to rupturing at high temperatures and high pressures.
  • Chrome-Moly is also resistant to cracking from hydrogen attack and hot sulfide corrosion cracking.
  • Chrome-Moly grades P-11, P-22, P-91 and P-92 are used in the power industry.
  • Chrome-Moly grades P-5 and P-9 are used in petro-chemical refinery processes.
  • Chrome-Moly Forged Fittings & Flanges are available in grades F-5, F-9, F-11, F-22, F-91, F92.
  • Chrome-Moly Alloy Butt Weld Fittings are available in grades WP-5, WP-9, WP-11, WP-22, SP-91, WP-92.
  • F11 and F22 meet NACE-MRO 175.

Bimetal wear resistant products including: double metal wear-resisting straight pipe and double metal wear-resisting bend, double metal wear tee, double metal wear resistance reducer adopts the pipe fittings such as vacuum suction casting composite process, its advanced technology, effectively solve the problem of the bent pipe cannot be composite, bending and other various special-shaped pipe can do the whole compound, don’t change the material flow in the pipe bending trajectory, reduce resistance material conveying.

The outer wall of the centrifugal pipe is made of carbon steel, which ensures that the bimetal wear-resistant pipe has high mechanical strength and impact resistance.The inner lining wear resistance layer adopts the anti-wear alloy steel series independently developed by our company. The steel mainly adds alloy such as cr-ni-mo-cu-re and so on. Through the tempering heat treatment process, the alloy steel has strong wear resistance and corrosion resistance, high mechanical strength and impact resistance.

The whole set of process of our factory is the first in China, which fills the blank of anti-corrosion and wear-resistant industrial pipeline in China and has reached the international advanced level. It has been widely used in mining, metallurgy, coal, electric power and other industries, and is an ideal wear-resistant pipeline.

What are bimetallic metals?

Bi-Metal Lined Steel Pipe

Bimetal refers to an object that is composed of two separate metals joined together. Instead of being a mixture of two or more metals, like alloys, bimetallic objects consist of layers of different metals. Trimetal and tetrametal refer to objects composed of three and four separate metals respectively.

What is the difference between clad and lined pipe?

Clad pipes are used for fluids that would quickly corrode carbon-manganese steels. The bonding between the two materials is metallurgical and can be achieved by welding the two together or with explosion techniques (whereas lined pipes feature a mechanical bonding of different materials).

Physical Properties of Bi-metal clad pipe

Flexure Strength
MN/㎡
Tensile Strength
MN/㎡
Elongation
%
Cross Section Stretch Ratio
%
Impact Toughness
J/c㎡
Hardness of Wearable Layer
HRC
Hydrostatic Testing Pressure
Mpa
>610 >700 5 5.1 >15 >38 5.6-12.9
Bi metal clad pipe layer structure

What is Bimetal clad pipe?

Bimetal wear resistant pipe adopts centrifugal casting technology in the production process of straight pipe.

This technology is to fuse and shape both metals in liquid state, realizing the purpose of real metallurgical bonding. The shear strength of the binding layer is higher than that of the metal itself, and completely realizes the mechanical complementarity between base layer and wear resistant layer.

Bimetal wear resistant pipe, including: double metal wear-resisting straight pipe and double metal wear-resisting bend, double metal wear tee, double metal wear resistance reducer adopts the pipe fittings such as vacuum suction casting composite process, its advanced technology, effectively solve the problem of the bent pipe cannot be composite, bending and other various special-shaped pipe can do the whole compound, don't change the material flow in the pipe bending trajectory, reduce resistance material conveying.

The outer wall of the centrifugal pipe is made of carbon steel, which ensures that the bimetal wear-resistant pipe has high mechanical strength and impact resistance.The inner lining wear resistance layer adopts the anti-wear alloy steel series independently developed by our company. The steel mainly adds alloy such as cr-ni-mo-cu-re and so on. Through the tempering heat treatment process, the alloy steel has strong wear resistance and corrosion resistance, high mechanical strength and impact resistance.

The whole set of process of our company is the first in China, which fills the blank of anti-corrosion and wear-resistant industrial pipeline in China and has reached the international advanced level. It has been widely used in mining, metallurgy, coal, electric power and other industries, and is an ideal wear-resistant pipeline.

What is a clad pipe made of?

The base material is carbon steel or low alloy steel. Clad pipes comply with the most stringent requirements of strength and corrosion resistance. The carbon steel outer pipe (backing steel or base metal) complies with the static requirements of strength and durability whereas the high alloyed inside pipe provides protection against corrosion.

What is a bimetal?

A bimetal or thermostatic metal is a sheet or strip of two or more composite materials having different coefficients of linear thermal expansion bonded by riveting, brazing or welding.

What Is KmTBCr28?

KmTBCr28 has the main elements of Chrome 28%, low Carbon with hardness of 430 in Brinell. KmTBCr28 is a corrosion resistant white iron suitable for low pH corrosion duties, where erosive wear is also a problem.

What is Pipe Cladding?

Pipe cladding is the process of covering a pipe with cladding material.

This acts as protection from problems such as wear, abrasion, corrosion, impact, etc.

Pipe cladding refers to the process of applying a protective layer or coating on the outer surface of a pipe to enhance its durability, resistance to corrosion, wear, and other environmental factors. It involves bonding a different material, typically a corrosion-resistant alloy or a high-strength metal, onto the base pipe material.

Pipe cladding is commonly used in industries such as oil and gas, chemical processing, power generation, and water treatment, where pipes are exposed to harsh conditions and corrosive substances. The cladding material acts as a barrier, protecting the base pipe from corrosion, erosion, and other forms of damage.

There are several methods used for pipe cladding, including:

Weld-overlay cladding: In this method, a layer of cladding material is deposited onto the base pipe through welding. Various welding processes such as manual metal arc welding (MMA), gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW), or submerged arc welding (SAW) can be used depending on the cladding material and pipe size.

Explosion cladding: This technique involves using explosive energy to bond two materials together. The cladding material is generally in the form of a sheet or plate, which is explosively welded onto the base pipe.

Mechanical cladding: This method includes processes such as roll bonding and diffusion bonding. It involves mechanically bonding the cladding material onto the base pipe through pressure or heat, without the use of welding.

Pipe cladding provides several benefits, including increased resistance to corrosion, abrasion, chemicals, and high temperatures. It helps extend the lifespan of pipes, reduce maintenance costs, and improve overall performance and reliability in demanding industrial applications.

Bi metal clad pipe applicable areas

Bi metal clad pipe applicable areas

Because oil and natural gas contains a large amount of corrosive media such as hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide and chloride ions, especially the content of corrosive components in the oil and gas medium before pipeline purification in the seabed oil and gas field is high, and some even require heat transfer, and internal corrosion problems are very prominent.

The use of stainless steel or corrosion-resistant alloys in large quantities is not economical. Double metal clad pipes are a good choice.

The bimetal clad pipe structure uses a corrosion-resistant alloy tube (stainless steel or corrosion-resistant alloy) as the inner liner (wall thickness 0.5-3mm) to contact the corrosive medium and carbon steel or low-alloy steel as the outer base pipe to withstand the pressure. low. Generally, the double-metal clad pipe contains 316L austenite stainless steel as the inner liner in the case of containing CO2 medium, and 2205 and 2505 duplex stainless steel can be used as the medium containing CO2 + small amount of chloride, when H2S+CO2 is contained. + Chloride, the inner liner should be 028, G3, INCONEL625 and Inconel825 nickel-base or iron-nickel alloy, in order to ensure the corrosion resistance of the pipeline, but also can choose the titanium alloy and other materials with excellent corrosion resistance as lining. The outer layer material is usually API 5L X42, X50, X60, X70, ASTM-A106GB and A335-P22 and other materials, so as to ensure the strength of the pipeline.

Casing pipe for oil and gas transportation

Choosing stainless steel such as Incoloy625 and Incoloy825 for inner tubes to ensure the corrosion resistance of the pipe. The outer pipe are usually X42, X50, X60, X70, A335-P22 and other materials to ensure the strength of the pipeline. The American Petroleum Association (API) has developed the standard for composite pipes for pipelines,with the serial number API 5LD:Cr-Mo steel,super 13Cr, G3, C028 and other oil well tubes and the nickel-base alloy cladding tubes such as 825, 028.

Boiler

The steel tube for superheater should have high temperature strength under the condition of 650 and 35 MPa steam,excellent surface temperature and corrosion resistance, and inner surface resistance to water vapor oxidation.

Japan Sumitomo metal company choose SUS310S, 35Cr-55Ni, 40Cr-55Ni as outer base tube and 17-14CuMo,Alloy800Has the inner tube,developed super supercritical boiler superheater cladding pipe.

Sandvik,a Sweden Steel Corp successfully developed carbon steel as an inner pipe and Sanicro28 steel with good corrosion resistance as outer pipe. The cladding steel pipe made by Sandvik does not need any change in the boiler structure design and can be used directly.

Waste incinerator

Cladding steel tube for waste incinerator.The outer tube can be made of Sanicro65 alloy, and the inner pipe may be carbon steel or chromium molybdenum steel with resistance to stress corrosion cracking.Europe and the United States have used 2 million meter composite steel pipe since the first installation cladding pipe incinerator superheater and water wall tubes in the 1971.

Heat exchanger

Cladding steel pipe used for heat exchanger should also have good thermal conductivity and a certain strength and corrosion resistance.

Sandvik manufactured cladding pipe with high alloy nickel chromium alloy 800 as the inner tube and the low-alloy steel ASTM A213 Ti2 as the outer pipe.NKK company from Japan made cladding pipe with API 5L-16MnV steel as its outer pipe and NIC42 steel as inner pipe.

Used for wear-resistant steel

A Japan company have made cladding steel pipe with SUS316L corrosion resistant steel for outer pipe,Stellite No12 alloy for inner pipe,after 4 years is still new.They has also been well applied in the pneumatic conveying pipe of other micro powder particles, and the demand is increasing.

Marine environment

Inner pipe:Nickel, Titanium stainless steel or Copper alloy.

Outer pipe:Carbon steel or low alloy corrosion resistant steel.

Cladding pipe used for marine environment made by Japan's Kawasaki is widely used as marine heat exchanger tube and seawater desalination of seawater intake pipe. 

Civil areas

Cold, hot water pipes, direct drinking water pipes, heating, solar energy, ground source heat pump; civil construction water supply pipes, water distribution trunk; air conditioning circulation pipe, fine decoration high-grade commercial housing water pipes.

Industry

Oil and gas pipeline, oil and gas wells casing, sewage return pipe; chemical heat exchanger tube bundle; power desalination water, desulfurization pipeline and other metallurgy, desalination, medicine and chemical industry, sewage treatment, new energy, food processing and other industries.

Axial fans

An axial fan is a type of fan that causes gas to flow through it in an axial direction, parallel to the shaft about which the blades rotate. The flow is axial at entry and exit. The fan is designed to produce a pressure difference, and hence force, to cause a flow through the fan.

Axial fans
Axial fans
Axial fans
Axial fans

Advantages

  1. The hardness of a good wear resistance superhard wear alloy is greater than 56 (HRC), which has good wear resistance and thermal stability.
  2. Excellent impact resistance, metal binding and thermal shock resistance KMTBCr28 bimetal composite wear-resistant elbow. The joint surface of the two metals is completely metallurgical, safe and reliable. The coefficient of thermal expansion is equal to that of expansion, shrinkage and crack. The outer wall of the elbow is made of steel tube and the inner lining is made of super-hard wear-resistant alloy.
  3. Good resistance to heat and corrosion. The matrix of super hard alloy material has strong resistance to heat and corrosion. Under the action of wet state, corrosion medium and particle scour, it is more suitable to use the super hard wear-resistant alloy. Under the condition of dry state in which abrasive wear is the main failure mode, a kind of super hardness wear-resistant alloy material which can be obtained by heat treatment is selected.
  4. The bimetal wear-resistant pipe with low composite cost and good quality is manufactured by the internationally advanced epc casting process with high yield, good compactness, uniform thickness and stable quality.
  5. The bimetal wear-resistant pipe can be connected by flange, quick joint and direct welding.In addition, due to the high resistance and beating performance of the composite pipe, when partial blockage occurs in the pipe system maintenance, it can be knocked or hammered at will, and can be cut, unloaded, welded and installed at will.
Bi metal clad pipe applicable areas

Technology

High chromium cast iron is the third generation of white cast iron developed from ordinary white cast iron and hard nickel cast iron.

Process requirement

  1. Wear-resistant elbow is made of bimetal wear-resistant composite.
  2. The general manufacturing method is made by the combination of the vacuum absorption casting process of the vanishing mould, and the manufacturing process of the commodity shall be indicated in other processes.
  3. Adopt composite alloy steel wear-resistant layer, each elbow shall be eccentric compound, and the outside of the elbow shall be thickened according to the working condition to achieve the life design of the outside and inside. In order to reduce the resistance of coal powder transportation, the elbow should be smooth and excessive, and the shrimp waist welding method should not be adopted, so as to ensure that the inner diameter of the throughflow at all parts is 510mm, and no convex platform can be found.
  4. Wear-resistant lining is made of high chromium alloy (not lower than KMTBCr28), with service life over 2 years and annual wear less than 5mm.The outer wear resistant lining thickness is 28mm, the inner wear resistant lining thickness is 22mm, and the hardness of HRC is greater than 55. Outer pipe of lining part 558*10, connecting pipe 508*10, outer ring 558*22, material is 10 steel. Seamless pipes (or welded pipes) can be used, and their performance should meet the requirements of GB2087, GB8163.

The bimetal wear-resistant tube inner wall KMTBCr28 has stable quality and good comprehensive performance. Adding a certain amount of rare earth elements can improve the alloy quality of steel, refine the grain and form a protective film on the surface.A certain amount of Mo was added to make the alloy have certain antioxidant effect and increase service life at high temperature.A certain amount of boron carbide can be added to control the hardness in the range of HRC45 ~ 65, and solve the contradiction between the hardness and weldability of wear-resistant steel.

Quality requirements

The inner and outer surface of bimetal wear-resistant elbow should be smooth and clean, without burrs, burrs, cracks, loose, pores or bubbles;The inner wall of the wear-resisting elbow should be smooth without accumulated powder.The bend should have good thermal shock resistance. When there is a sharp change in temperature or welding connection, the inner layer of the wear-resistant pipe will not break and spalling due to the expansion or contraction of the inner layer.The dimensional deviation shall meet the requirements of product drawings and order, agreement, and shall meet the provisions of GB3092, GB8162 and GB8163 without special requirements.The thickness deviation of lining is + / – 1.2mm.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) of Bimetal Clad Pipe:

1. What is a bimetal clad pipe?
A bimetal clad pipe is a composite pipe that consists of two different materials metallurgically bonded together. It typically comprises an inner layer made of a corrosion-resistant or wear-resistant material and an outer layer made of a structurally sound material.

2. What are the advantages of using bimetal clad pipes?
Bimetal clad pipes offer several advantages, including:
- Excellent corrosion and wear resistance due to the inner layer's high-quality material.
- Cost-effectiveness by using a corrosion-resistant alloy only where needed, reducing material costs.
- Extended service life in abrasive and corrosive environments, reducing maintenance and replacement expenses.
- Versatility, as different materials can be chosen for the inner and outer layers to meet specific application requirements.

3. What are the typical applications of bimetal clad pipes?
Bimetal clad pipes find applications in various industries, including:
- Oil and gas: for transporting corrosive fluids and gases.
- Petrochemical: for handling abrasive and corrosive materials.
- Mining: for conveying slurries and abrasive minerals.
- Power generation: for transporting coal ash and other abrasive particles.

4. How are bimetal clad pipes manufactured?
Bimetal clad pipes are manufactured using various processes, such as explosive welding, roll bonding, or vacuum diffusion bonding. These methods ensure a strong metallurgical bond between the two layers, creating a durable and reliable composite pipe.

5. Can bimetal clad pipes be customized to specific requirements?
Yes, bimetal clad pipes can be tailor-made to suit specific application needs. The choice of materials, dimensions, and shapes can be adjusted to meet the demands of different industries and operating conditions.

6. Are bimetal clad pipes easy to install and maintain?
Yes, bimetal clad pipes are designed to be easily installed using standard pipe joining techniques like welding, flanges, or mechanical couplings. Once installed, they require minimal maintenance due to their high wear and corrosion resistance properties.

7. How can I determine the suitable bimetal clad pipe for my application?
Selecting the right bimetal clad pipe involves considering factors such as the conveyed material's corrosiveness and abrasiveness, operating temperature, pressure, and pipe dimensions. Consult with experienced suppliers or manufacturers to choose the most appropriate solution for your specific needs.

8. Can bimetal clad pipes be used in high-temperature applications?
Yes, bimetal clad pipes can be designed to withstand high-temperature environments, depending on the materials selected for the inner and outer layers. Specialized materials and manufacturing techniques may be employed to ensure their stability and performance at elevated temperatures.


Features of centrifugal casting for bimetal wear resistant pipe production process

(1) Centrifugal casting technology enables the molten steel to solidify and form under the gravity condition, which is dozens of times higher than conventional casting. It solves the problem of loose inside the casting tube billet, has high metal density, and has good discharge and exhaust effect.

(2)The size accuracy of centrifugal cast pipe is high and the wall thickness is even, which provides a favorable guarantee for the size accuracy of subsequent processed products.

(3)Centrifugal casting process has high flexibility for the production of steel pipes of small batch, multiple varieties and specifications, high quality and high value-added steel.

What is CRA Cladding?

CRA basically means corrosion resistant alloy.
It’s a material that is built for cladding because its main purpose is to enhance a pipe’s resistance to corrosion.

What is Elbow Cladding?

Pipe elbow cladding is the process of applying a cladding material to elbow pipes.
It’s done on a more careful manner than the usual.
This is because elbow pipes can change throughout the entirety of the process.

Where Can Pipe Cladding be Applied to?

Particularly, the process of pipe cladding benefits the oil and gas industry the most.

However, it can also be used by other industries such as:

What is Pipe Lining?

Pipe lining is the process of prolonging the lifespan of pipes.

It can also be used, however, to restore a pipe from natural damages such as:

Lined Pipes vs. Clad Pipes

Pipe lining and pipe cladding are processes that are far from each other.

Lining is the process of mechanically bonding materials to pipes for restoration. Some of the uses of pipe lining include:

Cladding is the procedure of metallurgical bonding of clad materials to pipes. Some of the major uses of pipe cladding include:

Who Can Help You With Pipe Cladding?

There are a lot of companies that utilize state-of-the-art pipe cladding equipment.

We have cutting-edge technology that can complete projects ahead of time.

Some of the most notable features that our pipe cladding equipment have include:

【H】 Ceramic lined pipe

Ceramic lined pipe is made through self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) technique.

【H】 Cast basalt lined steel pipe

Cast basalt lined steel pipe is composed by lined with cast basalt pipe, outside steel pipe and cement mortar filling between the two layers.

【H】 Ceramic Tile Lined Pipes

Ceramic tile lined pipes have very uniform coating of specially formulated ceramic material that is affixed to the inner of the pipe.

【H】 Rare earth alloy wear-resistant pipe

The material of the rare earth alloy wear-resistant pipe is ZG40CrMnMoNiSiRe, which is also the grade of rare earth alloy steel.

【H】 Tubes Erosion Shields

Tubes Erosion Shields are used to protect boiler tubing from the highly erosive effects of high temperatures and pressures thereby greatly extending tube life.

【H】 ASTM A213 T91 Alloy Tube

The ASTM A213 T91 seamless tubes are primarily used for boiler, superheater, and heat-exchanger.