Stainless Steel 410

Stainless Steel 410 410 is a martensitic stainless steel which is magnetic, resists corrosion in mild environents and has fairly good ductility.

Alloy 410 (UNS S41000) is a 12% chromium martensitic stainless steel plate that can be heat treated to obtain a wide range of mechanical properties.

Specifications - Stainless Steel 410

Chemical Composition - Stainless Steel 410

C Cr Mn Ni P S Si
Max    Max    Max Max Max
0.15% 11.5% - 13.5% 1.0% 0.5% 0.04% 0.03% 0.75%

Design Features - Stainless Steel 410

Typical Mechanical Properties- Stainless Steel 410

Material Tempering Temp °C (°F) 0.2 % Yield Strength (Mpa) Ultimate Tensile Strength (Mpa) % Elongation in 2" % Reduction of Area Charpy V Notch Impact Strength (J) Hardness Brinell
Alloy 410 Bar
Hardened 1850°F (1010°C) 30 mins, oil quench, tempered 4 Hrs
260 (500) 1089 1331 17 62 76 401
Alloy 410 Bar
Hardened 1850°F (1010°C) 30 mins, oil quench, tempered 4 Hrs
317 (700) 1069 1296 17 60 66 401
Alloy 410 Bar
Hardened 1850°F (1010°C) 30 mins, oil quench, tempered 4 Hrs
482 (900) 1014 1303 18 58 38 401
Alloy 410 Bar
Hardened 1850°F (1010°C) 30 mins, oil quench, tempered 4 Hrs
538 (1000) 917 965 19 62 33 285
Alloy 410 Bar
Hardened 1850°F (1010°C) 30 mins, oil quench, tempered 4 Hrs
593 (1100) 724 827 20 63 52 248
Alloy 410 Bar
Hardened 1850°F (1010°C) 30 mins, oil quench, tempered 4 Hrs
649 (1200) 634 731 21 65 119 223

Typical Applications - Stainless Steel 410

Grade 410 stainless steels find applications in the following:

Tensile Requirements - Stainless Steel 410

Possible Alternative Grades

The table below provides the suitable alternative grades to 410 stainless steels:

Grade Reasons for choosing the grade
416 High machinability is required, and the lower corrosion resistance of 416 is acceptable.
420 A higher hardened strength or hardness than can be obtained from 410 is needed.
440C A higher hardened strength or hardness than can be obtained even from 420 is needed.

Corrosion Resistance

Grade 410 stainless steels are resistant to hot gases, steam, food, mild acids and alkalies, fresh water and dry air. These steels obtain maximum corrosion and heat resistance through hardening. However, grade 410 steels are less corrosion resistant than austenitic grades and grade 430 ferritic alloys containing 17% chromium. Smooth surface finish offers improved performance of steels.

Heat Resistance

Grade 410 steels have good scaling resistance at temperatures of up to 650 °C. However, the mechanical properties of the material will tend to reduce at temperatures ranging from 400 to 580 °C.

Heat Treatment

Annealing - Grade 410 steels can be fully annealed at temperatures from 815 to 900 °C, followed by slow furnace cooling and air-cooling. Process annealing of grade 410 steels can be carried out at temperatures ranging from 650 to 760 °C and air-cooled.

Hardening – Hardening of grade 410 steels can be performed at 925 to 1010 °C, followed by air and oil quenching. Heavy sections of grade 410 need to be oil quenched. Tempering, to enhance the mechanical properties and hardness of grade 410 steels, follows this process. It is not recommended to perform tempering at temperatures from 400 to 580 °C.

Welding

Grade 410 steels can be welded using all conventional welding techniques, but the materials should pre-heated at 150 to 260 °C followed by post-weld annealing treatment, to mitigate cracking. Grade 410 welding rods are recommended for tempering and post-hardening. In the "as welded" conditions, grade 309 filler rods can be used to achieve a ductile joint.

According to AS 1554.6 standards, grade 309 electrodes or rods are preferred for welding 410 steels.

Machining

Grade 410 steels can be easily machined in highly tempered or annealed conditions. However, it is hard to machine grade 410 steels if they are hardened above 30HRC. Free machining grade 416 is the best alternative.

304/304L Stainless Steel

304 Stainless is a low carbon (0.08% max) version of basic 18-8 also known as 302.

316/316L Stainless Steel

Type 316 is more resistant to atmospheric and other mild environments than Type 304.

310S Stainless Steel

310S Stainless Steel has excellent resistance to oxidation under constant temperatures to 2000°F.

317L Stainless Steel

317L is a molybdenum bearing austenitic chromium nickel steel similar to type 316, except the alloy content in 317L is somewhat higher.

321/321H Stainless Steel

Alloy 321 (UNS S32100) is a titanium stabilized austenitic stainless steel with good general corrosion resistance.

Stainless Steel 410

Type 410 is a martensitic stainless steel which is magnetic, resists corrosion in mild environents and has fairly good ductility.

SA213 TP347H Stainless Steel

ASTM A213 ASME SA-213 TP347H Seamless Steel Tubes contains NB-Cr-Ni austenitic stainless steel.

Duplex 2205 (UNS S31803)

Duplex 2205 (UNS S31803), or Avesta Sheffield 2205 is a ferritic-austenitic stainless steel.

Duplex 2507 (UNS S32750)

Duplex 2507 (UNS S32750) is a super duplex stainless steel with 25% chromium, 4% molybdenum..

Super Duplex UNS S32760

Material to UNS S32760 is described as a super duplex stainless steel with a microstructure of 50:50 austenite and ferrite.

SA 269 Stainless Steel

ASTM A269 / A269M Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Austenitic Stainless Steel Tubing for General Service

SA 249 Stainless Steel

ASME SA 249 Standard Specification for Welded Austenitic Steel Boiler, Superheater, Heat-Exchanger, and Condenser Tubes.

904L stainless steel

904L stainless steel consists of chromium, nickel, molybdenum and copper contents, these elements give type 904L...

06Cr19Ni10 stainless steel

06Cr19Ni10 stainless steel is a grade of stainless steel produced in accordance with the American ASTM standard.

【H】 Ceramic lined pipe

Ceramic lined pipe is made through self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) technique.

【H】 Cast basalt lined steel pipe

Cast basalt lined steel pipe is composed by lined with cast basalt pipe, outside steel pipe and cement mortar filling between the two layers.

【H】 Ceramic Tile Lined Pipes

Ceramic tile lined pipes have very uniform coating of specially formulated ceramic material that is affixed to the inner of the pipe.

【H】 Rare earth alloy wear-resistant pipe

The material of the rare earth alloy wear-resistant pipe is ZG40CrMnMoNiSiRe, which is also the grade of rare earth alloy steel.

【H】 Tubes Erosion Shields

Tubes Erosion Shields are used to protect boiler tubing from the highly erosive effects of high temperatures and pressures thereby greatly extending tube life.

【H】 ASTM A213 T91 Alloy Tube

The ASTM A213 T91 seamless tubes are primarily used for boiler, superheater, and heat-exchanger.